2015考研:英语写作的禁忌

发布时间:
2014-12-25
来源:
人人可以考试资源网
点击:
1936
收藏

摘要:2015考研:英语写作的禁忌

一、汉化英语

  由于文化、传统和习惯的不同以及语言本身的差异,考生最难避免的问题是汉化英语(Chinglish),考生平时要多读,多背,多译,以减少和避免这种错误。

  【例】

  误:Although everyone is equal to an opportunity, but not everyone can seize it.

  正:Everyone is equal to an opportunity, but not everyone can seize it.

  二、语言结构错误

  1.一致方面

  主谓一致、代词一致、时态一致是英文语法的基本规则,但由于汉语在这方面没有类似规则,很多考生很容易出现错误。在写作过程中,考生应尽量避免母语在这方面的思维干扰。

  【例】

  误:It can extend your horizon and save you much time as well-time we might otherwise spend reading one book after another.

  正:It can extend your horizon and save you much time as well-time you might otherwise spend reading one book after another.

  2.动词时态语态方面#p#分页标题#e#

  英文时态语态方面的错误会使句子逻辑混乱,在写作过程中要格外注意。

  【例】

  误:Parents now pay much attention to children’s nutrition, so they chose meat and milk for their children.

  正:Parents now pay much attention to children’s nutrition, so they choose meat and milk for their children.

  3.搭配修饰错误

  英文词语搭配和修饰词语使用与汉语存在一些差异,考生平时要注意积累,避免文章中出现此类错误。

  误:With the increasing number of the population, the amount of fresh water in use is growing rapidly.

  正:With the increase in population, the amount of fresh water in use is growing rapidly.

  三、句子不完整

  在口语中,交际双方可借助手势语气上下文等,不完整的句子完全可以被理解。可是书面语就不同了,句子结构不完整会令意思表达不清,这种情况常常发生在主句写完以后,考生又想加些补充说明的时候。

  【例】

  误:There are many ways to know the society. For example by TV, radio, newspaper and so on.#p#分页标题#e#

  正:There are many ways to know society, for example, by TV, radio, and newspaper.

  四、累赘

  语言以简洁为贵。写句子没有一个多余的词,写段落没有一个无必要的句子。能用单词的不用词组,能用词组的不用从句或句子。连篇累牍的废话只能让阅卷老师感到厌烦。

  【例】

  误:For the people who are diligent and kind, money is just the thing to be used to buy the thing they need.

  正:Diligent, caring people use money only to buy what they need.

  英语学习不是一朝一夕之功,贵在持之以恒,无论是单词、阅读还是作文,都需要我们每天坚持练习,相信经过不断地努力,所有问题都会不在话下。

    相关推荐
    友情链接